Restrictions towards the cancer- causing substance PAH

Nemko assist manufacturers comply  with the GS requirements and coming EU regulation concerning PAH.

PAH (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons) are chemical compounds found in oil and coal. In products they can be found in rubber, plastics or their compounds.

The restriction towards PAH’s was introduced in Germany in 2008 for 16 different PAH’s. The standard ZEK 01.4-08 since 2012 expanded the total number of regulated PAH to 18.

EU commission regulation 1271/2013 include PAH in the REACH restricted list from December 2015.

Nemko assist  manufacturers  in evaluation of test need based upon contact likelihood and testing of materials/ products.

PAHs are substances that can cause following effects:

  • Likely causes of cancer in humans
  • Causes skin disorders in humans and animals
  • Causes harmful developmental and reproductive effects

Limits for the PAH concentration according to German legislation.

Parameter Category 1 Category 2 Category 3
  Material in direct contact with food, or materials indented to be put in the mouth and toys for children aged < 36 months Material not covered by category 1, with foreseeable contact to skin for longer than 30 seconds (long-term skin contact) Material not covered by category 1 and 2, with foreseeable contact to skin up to 30 seconds (short term skin contact)
Not detectable
(< 0,2)
1 20
Sum 18 PAH mg/kg Not detectable
(< 0,2)
10 200